North Street, Newry, County Down

North Street, Newry, County Down
North Street, Newry, County Down

Tuesday, 15 September 2020

Patrick Jennings [1799-1873], Dundalk, County Louth. Part 1.

Patrick Jennings was the eldest son of Daniel Jennings [1765-1830] of Mill Street, Newry, County Down, and his wife Bridget. 

Patrick Jennings married Anne Coleman, the eldest daughter of Bernard Coleman, in Newry in 1829. John Caraher, who was a witness at the marriage, was the husband of Eliza Jennings, first cousin of Patrick.

Patrick Jennings and Anne Coleman 1829. Witnesses John Caraher and Mrs. McGinnis.[1]

They lived in Francis Street, Dundalk, County Louth, where Patrick was a timber merchant.

They had nine children.

  1. Daniel Jennings [abt 1830-1847]. Daniel was a student at Clongowes Wood College, a Jesuit school situated in County Kildare, from 1841-1843 and again from 1846 – 1847.
  2. Bernard Jennings b. 1832. Named after his maternal grandfather Bernard Coleman.
  3. Anne Jane Jennings  [1834-1878]. Anne became a nun in the Mercy Order.
  4. Mary Bridget Jennings b. 1836. Possibly named after her two grandmothers.
  5. Catherine Jennings b. 1838 in Francis Street, Dundalk.
  6. Charles Jennings b. 1840.
  7. Julia Jennings [1842-1919]. Unmarried. Francis Street, Dundalk, County Louth.
  8. Patrick Coleman Jennings [1845-1921] 5 Francis Street, Dundalk, County Louth. Timber Merchant.
  9. Joseph Daniel Jennings [1848-1930]. Seatown Place, Dundalk, County Louth. Timber Merchant. Married Frances J. Murphy.

Francis Street. A good business street, only a few private houses in it composed mostly of shops and public houses.

Patrick Jennings. House, Stores, Offices and Yard. Good Coal and Timber yard and gateway entrance from street. Altogether a good concern well fitted up for the Coal, Timber and Iron Trade.[2]


[1] Catholic Church Records. Newry Banns 05502/03 P.91

[2] Valuation Office Books 1838

Tuesday, 1 September 2020

Andrew Jennings [abt.1793 – 1869], North Street, Newry, County Down. Part 3.

Andrew in this account is described as an attorney.
Once the rent reached a critical mass, it became a political machine of impressive efficiency. The rent paid for the attorneys and barristers who took on cases for victimised Catholics. Between 19 June 1823 and the end of 1824, more than twenty five percent of the association’s expenditure went to attorneys, such as Andrew Jennings, who received £20 in August 1824 for ‘carrying on Orange prosecutions at Newry, in the case of McEvoy against Weir, when the latter was found guilty and sentenced to twelve months
imprisonment, and also for defending Hacket against the Orange party at Down sessions.[1]
And at the marriage of Mary Marmion and Alexander Macdonnell in 1826, Andrew Jennings is named as one of the trustees.[2]
In 1860 Andrew was appointed to the post of Stamp Distributor for Newry District and County Down and remained in this position until his death.
Stamp Distributor for Newry District and County Down - The Dundalk Examiner announces the appointment of a successor to the late Mr. Williams, in the person of "Mr. Andrew Jennings, of Newry, who" it was added, "from his fellow townsmen, is well qualified for the situation, and whose appointment would give general satisfaction throughout the town and neighbourhood." We have much pleasure in echoing the sentiments of our contemporary. New Telegraph.[3]

In 1864 Andrew bought four graves in St. Mary’s Catholic graveyard, Newry.
List of graves...1864 Sept. 4. Four graves for Mr. Andrew Jennings.[4]
His eldest daughter Mary Catherine had died in Dublin in August of the same year and is buried in Newry.
Andrew died in 1869.
Jennings - April 12, at Newry, of congestion of the brain, Andrew Jennings, Esq., Distributor of Stamps for County Down, aged 76 years.[5]
He died intestate.
Jennings, Andrew. (Intestate: Principal). 1869.[6]
Andrew is buried in St. Mary’s Catholic graveyard, Newry, with his daughter Mary Catherine, and his granddaughter Ellen McDonald who died as a child aged 3 in 1866.  His widow Mary Anne Jennings is not buried here, but in Glasnevin Cemetery in Dublin.
There is an inscription on a slate headstone in St. Mary's graveyard, Newry:
Erected by Andrew Jennings of Newry in memory of his daughter Mary Catherine who departed this life on 19th August 1864, also Ellen McDonald who departed this life on the 16th February 1866, Andrew Jennings departed this life on the 12th April 1869 aged 76. Requiescant in pace. [7]
Mary Anne was his executor.
Letters of administration of the personal estate of Andrew Jennings, late of Newry, county Down, ironmonger, who died 12 April 1869 at same place were granted at the Principal Registry 9 September 1869 to May Anne Jennings of Newry, the widow of said deceased. Effects under eight hundred pounds.[8]
As there was now no one remaining in Newry to carry on the business, the spade mill at Finnard and the forge at 11 North Street were sold.
This Day, sale of Spade and Shovel Mill at Finard with Finishing-Forge at North Street, Newry.
To be sold by Public Auction, on Saturday, the 31st instant, at 11 North Street, Newry, at TWO o’clock, the PLANT and Interest of the late Mr. Andrew Jennings in the Spade and Shovel Factory at Finard, and in the Finishing Forge, Stores, and Premises adjoining no. 11, North Street.
Rent and Tenure of the above will be stated previous to sale, or may be had before then, by application to the Liquidator, Mr. T. S. Malony, 6, Marcus Square, Newry.
Purchasers to pay 5 per cent Auction Fees.
Joseph Loughran, Auctioneer. 21st July 1869.[9]
Andrew’s widow Mary Anne moved to live in Phibsborough, in Dublin, with her daughter Elizabeth, an artist, and her son Charles Clarke. They were close to her sister-in-law Sophia, widow of Charles Jennings, who lived at 8 Cabra Parade with her daughters and son. Mary Anne died at 35 Goldsmith Street in Dublin in 1876. She was 65.
 Death. Jennings, June 7, at 35 Goldsmith-street, Dublin, Mary Anne, relict of Andrew Jennings, Newry.[10]
Mary Anne is buried in Glasnevin Cemetery with her son Charles Clarke Jennings who had died in 1870.[11]

[3] The Belfast News-letter, Friday, Feb., 10, 1860. Issue 13611
[4] NLI Pos 5502.
[5] The Belfast Newsletter, 1869, Apr 16.
[6] Irish Will Calendars, 1858-1878
[7] St Marys Newry Graveyard Plot No. 461 Section Old C
[8] Old Families of Newry and District...edited by R. S. J. Clarke, Belfast, 1998.
[9] Newry Reporter, 31st July 1969
[10] Freeman's Journal, Thur., June 8, 1876
[11] Glasnevin Cemetery, MB, 11, SOUTH.

Sunday, 30 August 2020

Andrew Jennings [abt. 1793-1869], North Street, Newry, County Down. Part 2.

Andrew Jennings was a Commissioner for Newry.
1828. Act for lighting, watching and cleansing...Newry Commissioners.
Andrew Jennings ironmonger
Charles O'Hagan woollendraper[1]
In 1832 Andrew was selling soap and candles.
ANDREW JENNINGS begs leave to announce to his Friends and the Public, that he has commenced the above Business, at his Establishment at NORTH-STREET,
where henceforward he will be regularly supplied with an
which from the arrangements he has made, he can safely assure those who may favour him with their patronage will be found to be at least equal in quality to any manufactured at present in Newry,
and will be Sold on Terms which cannot be surpassed by any similar Establishment in the Trade.
A.J. takes this opportunity of assuring his Friends and the Public, that he is supplied, as usual, with an Extensive Assortment of
Bar, Rod and Hoop Iron; Cast Metal Spades and Shovels;
With a Variety of other Articles in the IRONMONGERY line.[2]
There is no doubt these were troubled times in Newry. Life was not easy.
1833 Riot in Newry.
The Newry Papers contain long accounts of a serious riot in that town, on Monday night. They are somewhat contradictory, and as usual with all the like affairs in the North, related with strong tincture of party feeling. […] The Orangemen first commenced groaning opposite the houses of persons obnoxious to them, but very soon proceeded to open acts of violence; they commenced by breaking a few windows, firing shots into some, and battering others with heavy stones. In several instances the entire fronts of the houses were destroyed, and the hall-doors perforated with bullets and slugs. All Market-parts of North-street, Castle-street, High-street and Mill-street were visited with the same unsparing ferocity […]. The wrecking continued systematically down North-street, when some panes had been broken in Andrew Jennings’s windows, at past two in the morning, the heavy and measured tread of the military warned the perpetrators of this atrocity to make their retreat which they did in double-quick time, leaving nothing to the magistrates and soldiers to witness but solitude and desolation. […][3]

Andrew appears to recognise the power of advertising!
The subscriber begs to intimate to the Trade, that he has fitted up, in a superior manner, a MILL, at MOUNTCAULFIELD, for the Manufacture of the above articles. He has now on hands
300 Dozen of Spades,
suitable to the following towns:-
Newry, Armagh, Monaghan, Aughnacloy, Dungannon, Dundalk and Drogheda.
He is now ready to receive and execute, with the utmost despatch, other patterns of Spades and Shovels, which he will dispose of on Moderate Terms.
11 North-street, Newry, Oct. 8, 1833.[4]
But by 1834 Andrew was facing bankruptcy.
Irish Bankrupts. Andrew Jennings, of Newry, iron-merchant, July 21 and 22, and August 21.[5]
By this time he had a wife and a young family to support.
Bankrupt’s Sale by Auction, of Corn and Potatoes, on the foot, Excellent Family Horse, outside Jaunting Car, Harness, &c., &c., by order of the Assignees of Mr. Andrew Jennings.[6]
In 1835 Andrew Jennings was listed as a bankrupt in Perry’s Bankrupt Gazette.[7]
1835. Jennings Andrew (July 4, 1834) of Newry, iron merchant...  

In 1836 he had a store and yard at 21 Merchant’s Quay, and premises at 19 Monaghan Street.[8]
By 1837 he was advertising again.
No. 11 North-street Newry
ANDREW JENNINGS Offers for SALE a Prime Quality of SPADES and SHOVELS, of his own Manufacture, to answer the following Markets:
Newry, Armagh, Dundalk, Castlewellan, Castleblany, Keady, &c., &c., &c., which, with a General assortment of GOODS connected with the IRON TRADE, he will dispose of on Moderate Terms, for Cash Payments. Newry, 10th October 1837.[9]

He also still had a house, stores, offices and yard at 34 Upper North Street in 1838. And there was another side to life.
In 1838 Andrew Jennings Esq., won first prize for the best and largest cabbage, the best pickling cabbage, and the best six turnips. An extra first prize was awarded to Andrew Jennings Esq., for a stem of potatoes, from one seed, with 40 large and full grown potatoes attached thereto.
There was likewise presented to the Society from the gardens of Colonel Close, Drumbanagher, a new seedling dahlia, called the Drumbanagher Queen Victoria.[10]
North-street may not always have been a very salubrious place to live. It’s not known if Andrew was still a Commissioner for Newry at this time, as he had been ten years previously in 1828, but it’s possible, as the reference to his premises is very deliberate.
To the Editor of the Newry Telegraph
I beg leave through the medium of your Journal, to call the attention of the Police Commissioners to the state of the entry in North-street, immediately opposite the stores of Mr. Andrew Jennings. From the quantity of filth and dirt, of every description, that is constantly heaped up in it, it is rendered a most intolerable nuisance; and from the very decayed state of the tenement, the passers by are in danger of being crushed to death, by the walls falling. Under these circumstances, I respectfully submit, that it is the duty of the Commissioners to adopt some means of keeping it clean, or, what would be much better, to close it up entirely. – your obedient servant, Julian.[11] 
In 1846 he is still listed as an Iron Merchant on North Street.[12] His brother Charles is also listed as an Iron Merchant at 30 Merchant’s Quay.
But he appears to have had other interests.
For Sale the British-built sloop “Mary Hardie,” of Grangemouth, 65 Tons per register – carries 83 Tons of 9 ½ feet on water, well found in Sails, Rigging, &c., as she now lies at the New Navigation Office, Canal, Newry.
For further particulars apply to Mr. Andrew Jennings, Merchant, North-street; or Mr George Guy, Jun., Ship Agent, 45 Merchant’s-quay, Newry.[13]
A number of times Andrew appears to have acted as an agent or a trustee, and has even been referred to as a lawyer. But there is no record of him having studied law.
In 1825 he was paid £25 for what appears to have been some form of legal representation in a case involving an attack carried out by an Orangeman [Weir] on a Catholic [McEvoy].
Andrew Jennings to carrying on Orange prosecutions at Newry, in the case of McEvoy against Weir, when the latter was found guilty and sentenced to twelve months’ imprisonment, and also for defending Hacket against an Orange party at Down Sessions or Assizes. 20.0.0.[14]

[1] EPPI 1843 Vol 50, 632, p. 22
[2] Newry Telegraph 6th November 1832
[3] Source unknown
[4] Newry Telegraph 15 Oct 1833
[5] Globe, 14 July 1834
[6] Newry Examiner and Louth Advertiser 6th August 1834
[7] Perry’s Bankrupt Gazette Sat 14 Mar 1835 p. 6.
[8] Valuation Office Books
[9] Newry Telegraph 28th October 1837
[10]  Source unknown.
[11] Newry Telegraph, 1838.
[12] Slater’s Directory, 1846.
[13] Newry Telegraph, 25th October 1851
[14] Dublin Morning Register 16 Feb 1825

Wednesday, 26 August 2020

Andrew Jennings [abt. 1793-1869], North Street, Newry, County Down. Part 1.

  Andrew Jennings, Iron Merchant, was born in Newry, County Down, the son of Andrew Jennings and Catherine O’Toole of North Street. He married Mary Anne Clarke, the second daughter of the late Edward Clarke of High-st., Newry. A dispensation of Banns had been sought on the 8th of October.
1825 October 8. Dispensations in Banns. Andrew Jennings of Newry.  5.5.[1]
Andrew and Mary Anne were married two days later on the 10th of October 1825.
Married. Andrew Jennings, Esq., of Newry, merchant, to the daughter of the late Edw. Clarke, of said place.[2]
The witnesses were Mr. Marky and Charles Jennings. The church was in Loughinisland and the priest was the Rev. W. McMullan. 3rd and 4th witnesses were entered as Peter Jennings and Mr. Clarke Kavena.
Andrew and Mary Anne had eight children.

1. Mary Catherine [1826-1864] died in Phibsborough, Dublin. Unmarried.
2. Edward [1827 - ] may have died young.
3. Andrew [1829 -]
4. Charles Clarke [1830-1870] died in Phibsborough, Dublin. Unmarried.
5. Ellen [1834 – 1870] died in Phibsborough, Dublin. Unmarried.
6. Elizabeth [1839 - ]. Artist.
7. Edward Daniel [1845 - ]
8. Unnamed daughter married John McDonald, Templetate, County Monaghan.

The family continued to live on North Street, where Andrew’s father had lived, and where Andrew also carried on his business.
ANDREW JENNINGS offers FOR Sale, 400 Tons SCOTCH FIRE COALS, which he will dispose of on moderate terms. No. 11, North Street, Newry.[3]
Living with them was Mary Anne’s mother, widowed since the death of her husband in 1825.
Death. In Newry, on Saturday last, in the 63rd year of her age, at the house of her son-in-law, Mr. Andrew Jennings, Mrs Clarke, relict of the late Mr. Edwd Clarke, of High-st., Newry.[4]

[1] Parochial records of Newry, 1818-1827.  FHL 926087.
[2] Southern Reporter and Commercial Courier. Thursday 27th October
[4] Belfast Commercial Chronicle 9 July 1831

Thursday, 13 August 2020

Edward Daniel Jennings [1845-], North Street, Newry, County Down

Edward Daniel Jennings was the third son of Andrew Jennings [1793 – 1869], North Street, Newry, County Down, and his wife Mary Ann Clarke, daughter of Edward Clarke.
He was baptised in Newry.
Edward Daniel of Andrew Jennings and Mary Anne Clarke, sponsors Charles and Ellen Jennings 10/6[1]

There is an Edward Jennings found in Church Street, Rathfriland in 1870. He was a spirit and porter dealer.[2] He married Margaret Leathem, daughter of Andrew Leathem and Marion English. They had three children, William [b.1865], Sophia [b.1867] and Mary Ann [b.1872]. Mary Ann died in 1874 aged 2. It’s possible that William also died young. Sophia married Hugh Craig and they emigrated to New York as did Sophia’s mother Margaret. Edward had died in 1876.
It has not been possible to confirm if Edward Jennings of Rathfriland is the same Edward Daniel Jennings of North Street, Newry.

[1] Catholic Church Records, Newry, Baptisms, 1845 05502/02
[2] RosDavies

Tuesday, 11 August 2020

Andrew Jennings [1829- ], North Street, Newry, County Down

  Andrew Jennings was the second son of Andrew Jennings [1793-1869], North Street, Newry, County Down, and his wife Mary Anne Clarke, daughter of Edward Clarke.
He was baptised in Newry.
Aug 2nd, 1829. Andreas Gennings Fr. Andrie and Maria Anna Clarke Sp. Joanni Caraher and Eliza Clarke. Andrew Gennings of Andrew and Mary Anne Clarke, 1829, sponsors John Caraher and Ellen Clarke.[1]

He may have joined H.M Customs, but further research is needed to confirm this.

[1] Catholic Church Records, Newry, 05502/01 P. 47

Wednesday, 22 July 2020

Edward Jennings [1827-], North Street, Newry, County Down

Edward was the eldest son of Andrew Jennings [1793-1869], North Street, Newry, County Down,  and his wife Mary Anne Clarke, daughter of Edward Clarke.
He was baptised in Newry on December 1st 1827 and named after his maternal grandfather Edward Clarke of High Street, Newry..
Edward of Andrew Gennings [sic] and Mary Ann Clarke, 1827, sponsors Charles Gennings and Eliza Markey and M. Jennings per procurationem.   Per procurationem means by proxy.[1]  
Edward may have died as a child as another son, Edward Daniel, was born in 1845.

[1] Catholic Church Records, Newry 05502/01 P. 19