North Street, Newry, County Down

North Street, Newry, County Down
North Street, Newry, County Down

Thursday, 26 March 2020

Charles Jennings [abt 1780-1855] Monaghan Street, Newry, County Down. Part 4.

The construction of the Newry and Enniskillen Railway began in 1844 with a call for investment in shares in the Newry and Enniskillen Railway Company. The engineer William Dargan was one of its main promoters.
Prospectus of the Newry and Enniskillen Railway .....extension to be raised in shares. Provisional Committee ...
Charles Jennings Esq. was a member of the Provisional Committee.[1]
At this time Charles’ business interests at 30 Merchant’s Quay, Newry, were comprised of a Coal merchants, Iron merchants, and Timber and Slate merchants.[2] It appears he not only sold shares in the Railway Company but may have invested heavily himself. The Railway Company ran into financial difficulties and collapsed. Charles was declared bankrupt in 1851.
Bankrupt: Charles Jennings, of Newry, county Armagh, merchant, dealer, and chapman, to surrender on Tuesday, the 3rd day of December, and on Tuesday, the 31st day of December next.[3]
According to the Oxford English Dictionary a chapman was a man whose business was buying and selling, a merchant, trader or dealer; an agent in a commercial transaction, a negotiator or broker.
Bankrupt Court - Yesterday (Before Mr. Commissioner Plunkett). In the matter of ---- Jennings. the bankrupt in this case was a shopkeeper in Newry, and his certificate was signed. Agent - Mr. F. Hamilton.[4]

Joseph Corley Jennings, who was born in 1827, was Charles’ third surviving son. He had been apprenticed to William Dargan, the engineer overseeing the building of the railways in Ireland. After the collapse of the Newry and Enniskillen Railway Joseph emigrated to the United States and spent the rest of his life in California.
Another son, Charles, who was born in 1837, and was Charles’ youngest son, was apprenticed to Arthur O'Hagan, Solicitor, Harcourt Street, Dublin, after a year at Clongowes Wood College. Arthur O’Hagan came from Newry, and was a friend, and possibly a distant cousin, of the Jennings family. Charles also emigrated to the United States where he died unmarried.[5]

Charles Jennings died in Queen Street, Newry, aged 74, in November 1855.
Death. November 12, Queen Street, Newry, at his residence, of an attack of paralysis, Charles Jennings, in the 75th year of his age.[6]
He may have been living with Thomas Jennings, who resided at 49 Queen Street, also known as Needham Street, in Newry.
Charles Jennings, Queen Street, Newry, 14 November 1855.[7]
His widow, Sophia, moved to Dublin with one of her daughters, Kate Sophia, and her son Andrew John.
She died at 8 Cabra Parade, Phibsborough, on the 16th February 1861 and is buried in Glasnevin Cemetery, Dublin.[8] Her daughters Sophia Corley, who died in 1897,  Kate Sophia, who died in 1900, Ellen Mary who died in 1891, and her son Andrew John, who died in 1892, are buried in Glasnevin Cemetery with her.
It is not known where Charles Jennings is buried.

[1] The Armagh Guardian, Armagh, Co. Armagh, December 3, 1844.

[2]  Slater's Commercial Directory 1846 
[3] Freeman's Journal and Daily Commercial Advertiser, Wed., November 20, 1850.
[4] Freeman's Journal, Wed, July 30, 1851.
[5] Crossle, NAI
[6] Belfast Newsletter, 19 November 1855.
[7] Catholic Church Records. Newry. Funerals. 1855 p. 69. 05502/05.
[8] Glasnevin Cemetery, VB, 12, SOUTH.  

Wednesday, 18 March 2020

Charles Jennings [Abt 1780 - 1855], Monaghan Street, Newry, County Down Part 3

Charles Jennings is on record as giving a to number of charitable donations He gave £1.1.0 to dispensary and fever hospital in 1827.
Subscription List, Newry Workhouse and Mendicity Institution, 1834. Monaghan Street: Dennis Caulfield and Co. 10 pounds, D.C. Brady M.P. 5 pounds, Henry Murdoch I Os, James M'Clenahan 5 pounds, Charles Jennings 3 pounds.
List of Subscribers to Workhouse in 1835.  Monaghan Street: Henry Murdoch 10s, James M'Clenahan 3 pounds, Charles Jennings 3 pounds, Constantine Maguire 10 pounds, Mathew Darey 5 pounds, James Anderson 1 pound.

He was also involved in helping those in need in more practical ways.

Charles Jennings was very actively involved with the Catholic Church.
We, the Undersigned, request a MEETING of the CATHOLIC INHABITANTS of the PARISH of NEWRY, at the NEWRY CATHOLIC POOR SCHOOL, on SUNDAY the 13th day of January, 1828,  at the hour of TWO o'clock, for the purpose of petitioning the Legislature for the ENTIRE and UNCONDITIONAL restoration of our unjustly withheld rights; and of adopting such other proper measures, with reference to this subject, as may appear necessary to said meeting.Newry, 8th January, 1828.
Denis Maguire, Constantine Maguire, John Caraher, Patrick m'Parlan, Mark Devlin, Charles Jennings,P,C.Byrne.[1]
John Caraher, mentioned above, was one of the executors in Daniel Jennings' will.  He married one of Andrew Jennings' daughters.
Catholic Association. New Catholic Rent :
Charles Jennings  1 pound.
Francis Jennings 1 pound.
Andrew Jennings 1 pound.[2]

In 1839 there appeared in the Newry Telegraph[3] a biased article describing the arrival of Daniel O’Connell in Newry. He received a warm and enthusiastic reception, or as the Newry Telegraph put it ‘O ye gods and little fishes! What an exhibition of themselves they did make! What a reception they did give their burly idol!’
The full and detailed description of the procession through Newry to the Quays is well worth reading if only to capture the atmosphere of the occasion. Charles Jennings provided the premises on Merchant’s Quay where the dinner was held. The Newry Telegraph describes the dinner [or lack of] in great detail.
The following day Daniel O’ Connell left Newry at 7 o’clock. The Newry Telegraph still had nothing good to say about his visit. ‘Mr Andrew Jennings, mounted on his grey poney, rode in solitary dignity beside the carriage, which soon reached the Dublin road and passed onwards. We have time only to wish Mr. Daniel O’Connell much joy of his agitating tour to the North - his first and his last. It has been and ever will be the “black North” to him and his designs.’

[1] The Newry Commercial Telegraph, Newry, Co. Armagh and Co. Down. Jan 8, 1828.
[2] The Kilkenny  Independent, Wed. May 7th, 1828.
[3]  The Newry Telegraph April 11, 1839.

Saturday, 29 February 2020

Charles Jennings [abt.1780-1855], Monaghan Street, Newry, County Down. Part 2.

As early as 1811 Charles Jennings is recorded as having warehouses on Merchant’s Quay in Newry.
Charles Jennings having commenced the spirit trade begs leave to inform his friends, that he has now on sale a neat assortment of
Dublin, Dundalk, and Newry Whiskey,
Jamaica and Irish Rum,
Brandy, Geneva, and Wine
Of the strongest and best description
Newry, Merchants Quay, March 23rd.[1]
By 1819 he was listed in Bradshaw’s General Directory.
Jennings, Charles. Merchant. Merchant's Quay.[2]

His brother Andrew and his brother-in-law John Caraher also had warehouses on Merchant’s Quay. Andrew was shipping in iron, planks and coal.
John Caraher was married to Elizabeth Jennings. He was a coal and corn merchant.
Merchants Quay. No. 15. John Caragher. House, stores, kiln, office and yard.[3]
He was shipping his goods into the port of Newry.
JOHNS Master: W. Savage. Built: 1828. Owner: Caraher. Port: Newry.[4]
Charles too had a schooner called the EXPERIMENT, built in 1802.
EXPERIMENT - 1843-44
Master: Captain Richardson (1843); Captain McVeigh (1844)
Rigging: Schooner: fastened with iron bolts
Tonnage: 77 tons using old measurements and 60 tons using new measurements
Construction: 1802 in Maryport; new topsides in 1832; repairs to damages in 1839; new deck and some repairs in 1842
Owners: Jennings
Port of registry: Newry
Port of survey: Beaumaris (1843); Newry (1844)
Voyage: sailed for Lancaster (1843); on Coastal Trade (1844).[5]
Her sailings, and his cargo, can be traced through the newspapers.
Preston Custom-House Report. Arrived EXPERIMENT, Jennings, Newry, general cargo.[6]
Preston Custom-House Report. Arrived EXPERIMENT, Jennings, Newry, 840 brs oats, C. Gradwell.[7]
Bristol Ship News. Came in: the EXPERIMENT, Jennings, from Newry.[8]
Preston Custom House report. Sailed. EXPERIMENT for Newry, coal.[9]

Charles Jennings’ growing business interests can be found listed in another commercial directory in 1846.
Coalmerchants: Jennings, Chas, 30 Merchant's Quay.
Ironmerchants: Jennings, Charles 30 Merchant's Quay.
Merchants: Jennings, Chas., 30 Merchant's Quay.
Timber and Slate Merchants: Jennings, Chas., 30 Merchant's Quay.[10]
He also leased a yard and limekilns at no. 5, Butter-crane-quay. The details appear in the encumbered estate sale of James Scott Molloy in 1851.
Incumbered Estate - Sale - 1851.
Lot n. 1 (1-7).
5. Charles Jennings, no. 5, Butter-crane-quay, yard and limekilns. Yearly rent of £30.0.0. Gale days, 1st May nd 1st Nov. Head rent £8.10.5 PLV £15.0.0. Tenant under the Court of Chancery, from 1st May, 1849, fro seven years, determinable with suits, Small v. Boyd, and Moody v. Boyd. This rent is payable in respect of these premises, as also of a yard, no. 5, in Lot 1, which yard is of the estimated value of £4.0.0.
"...limekilns on it, in constant work..."
Sale in the town of the matter of the Estate of James Scott Molloy, assignee of Samuel Boyd, continued in the name of William Glenny, assignee. Rental and be sold by Auction on Tuesday 21st October, 1851, at the Commercial Coffee Room, Newry.[11]

[1] Newry Belfast Commercial Chronicle 25 March 1811

[2] Thomas Bradshaw's General Directory of Newry, 1819/20.

[3]  Field Books 1841. NAI MFGS/54/006.

[4]  Lloyd's register of British and Foreign Shipping 1st July 1838 to 30th June 1839, London, 1838

[5] Lloyd's Register 1843 and 1844.

[6]  Preston Chronicle, Sat., Oct 1, 1842.

[7]  Preston Chronicle, Sat, Oct 15, 1842.

[8]  The Bristol Mercury, Sat., March 11, 1843.

[9]  The Preston Guardian, Sat., Sept 6, 1845.

[10] Slater's Commercial Directory 1846.

[11] Reside Collection. Newry and Mourne Museum. Newry, County Down.

Monday, 24 February 2020

Charles Jennings [abt 1780-1855] Monaghan Street, Newry, County Down, Part 1.

Charles Jennings was the son of Andrew Jennings and Catherine O’Toole of North Street, Newry, County Down. He married Sophia Corley, daughter of Patrick Corley of Clones, County Monaghan, in 1811.
They had sixteen children.

  1. Sophia Corley [1812-1897] died in Dublin. Unmarried.
  2. Patrick Charles [1813-1814] died as a child.
  3. Anna Maria [1814-1892] joined the Poor Sisters of Saint Clare, in Newry, in 1843.
  4. Kate Sophia [1814-1900] died in Dublin. Unmarried.
  5. Andrew John [1816-1892] died in Dublin.
  6. Daniel Corley [1818-1896] married Johanna Maria Bray of Ballycarrane, Thurles, County Tipperary c. 1847.
  7. Charles [1820-1830] died in Newry as a child.
  8. Elizabeth [1822-1909] a nun in the Presentation Order.
  9. Margaret [1824-1901] a nun in the Sisters of Mercy.
  10. Cecilia [1826-1839]
  11. Joseph Corley [1827-1918] emigrated to America.
  12. Mary [1829-1838] died as a child.
  13. Ellen [1834-1891] died in Dublin. Unmarried.
  14. Letitia [1835-1924] entered Newry Convent of Mercy in 1883.
  15. Charles [1837 -] emigrated to America. Unmarried.
  16. John of whom nothing is known.

The family lived in Monaghan Street, Newry, and appear to have held other properties on the street, offices and stores.
Charles Jennings, 18 Monaghan Street, Newry.
Charles Jennings, 24 Monaghan Street, Newry.[1]
Nothing remains of the houses on Monaghan Street. There is a supermarket and a car park.

[1] 1836 British Parliamentary Papers.

Sunday, 26 January 2020

Daniel Jennings [1765-1830] Mill Street, Newry, County Down

Daniel Jennings [1765-1830] of Mill Street, Newry, was married to Bridget. Her surname is unknown.  Daniel was the brother of Andrew Jennings of North Street.
They had four children.
  1. Patrick [1799-1873] who married Anne Coleman and moved to Dundalk, County Louth.
  2. Anne Jennings who married James Verdon son of Michael Verdon, Newry.
  3. Bridget [1807-1810] who married Daniel McCartan and emigrated to Wisconsin, USA.
  4. Charles, 2 Mill Street, Newry, Spirit Dealer.

In 1793 Daniel, like his brother Andrew, is found in the Convert Rolls.
Throughout the eighteenth century, restrictions enacted by the Penal Laws were relaxed for those Catholics who took the Oath of Allegiance to the King and renounced their religion for that of the established Church of Ireland. In the majority of cases this was not a sincere renunciation of the Catholic religion, as it was the only legal means whereby a Catholic could obtain basic civil rights.
In 1774 an Act was passed to permit the King’s subjects, of any religion, to take an oath at the local assizes (courts) “to testify to their loyalty and allegiance to him, to promote peace and industry in the kingdom.” [1]
In 1799 an advertisement appeared in the Belfast Newsletter regarding a flour miller.
WANTS EMPLOYMENT. A Flour-miller and Mill-wright who perfectly understands his business in all its various branches and whose Discharges amply testify for his Character and Abilities. Any ... who may want a person of the above description, are requested to direct a Line to Mr. Daniel Jennings, Millstreet, Newry 18th December 1799.[2]
Daniel was still living in Mill Street in 1803, and appeared in the Newry Town Agricultural Census.
Daniel Jennings, Mill Street, Newry. [3]

He was a spirit merchant by 1809.

We the Spirit Merchants and Dealers in Whiskey, in the town of Newry, viewing with the utmost concern, the ruinous state of the spirit trade, occasioned by the great extent to which private Distilling is carried on in this country, do hereby offer a Reward of
for such information as will lead to the Detection and Seizure of each Still; and we also pledge ourselves to the keeping secret the Informers’ Names.
The above Reward to be paid instantly on the Detection being made; and we agree to the sums annexed to our names, remaining as a Fund for the payment of such informations as may be given, which is to be paid rateably.
Any of the Subscribers will receive Informations, and be ready to pay the Reward, as above.
….Daniel Jennings £20. [1]

[1] Belfast Commercial Chronicle 28 January 1809
He is also recorded in 1812.
Daniel Jennings. Abode: Newry. Freehold: Mill St., Newry. Aug 19, 1812.[4]
By 1820 he was recorded as keeper of a tavern:
Name:             Daniel Jennings
Dates: 1801-1825
Location: Town: Newry; County/Colonial: Ireland
Occupation(s): tavern, public house keeper
Gender: Male
Address(es): Mill street; Town: Newry; County/Colonial: Ireland
Source Date:   1820.[5]
By 1824 he had become a grocer:
Grocers and Tea Dealers: Jennings, Daniel, Mill-street. [6]

Daniel appears to have been active in the Catholic Association in Newry, at one meeting acting as Chairman.
In July 1828 three  letters were sent by Robert Atkinson, Newry,[ County Armagh]  to William Gregory, [Under Secretary], believing that there is a plot among Catholics in his area to murder him; making allegations against a number of individuals and public houses in the town including John Russell and [sic] attorney, who is associating with the ‘Council of Liberators’  or ‘Mr O’Connell’s Gang of Assassins’ and who was implicated in the 1798 Rebellion; also mentioning Daniel Jennings, John Trainor, Mr. Barrett, the Collector of Excise, James Tayler; making a number of deranged claims and for example stating that he publically declared in Newry that the newly constructed Catholic church would be converted into a Protestant church.[7]
This was followed by a Letter from Smithson Corry, magistrate, Newry, County Down, on the 10th September, 1828, advising government not to pay any attention to any letters from Robert Atkinson of Newry who is insane. Also annotation from [Francis Leveson Gower, Chief Secretary] noting that no notice has been taken of multiple letters from Atkinson. [8]

Daniel died in 1830. His funeral expenses are recorded. 1830 June 1st. Daniel Jennings Mill St., (£5.00).[9]
Bridget died two years later in 1832.
They are buried together in St Marys Newry Graveyard Plot No. 69 Section Old B, with their son Patrick and his wife Anne. The grave has a slate headstone and a stone edging.
This monument was erected by Daniel Jennings of Newry 1816, who departed this life 21st June 1830 aged 65, also his beloved wife Bridget who departed this life 27th October 1832 aged 64, may the Lord have mercy on their souls, also pray for the soul of his son Patrick Jennings of Dundalk who died 18th November 1873 aged 74 and his wife Anne Jennings who died 18th May 1897 aged 87.[10]
Patrick, Anne, Bridget and Charles are all mentioned as his children in Daniel Jennings will which was probated in1831.

[2] Belfast Newsletter 20 Dec 1799.
[3] Newry Town Agricultural Census 1803. (D/654/A2/29).
[4] Newry, Co. Down 1813-21. PRONI: T/761/20.
[5] Listed in The Commercial Directory, of Scotland, Ireland, and the four most Northern Counties of England, for 1820-21 & 22.
[6] Pigot 1824
[7] NAI  CSO/RP/OR/1828/735
[8] NAI CSO/RP/1828/1384
[9] Newry Church Records. Funerals. NLI Pos 5502. Newry 05502/05

Wednesday, 22 January 2020

Andrew Jennings [- 1818] of Newry, County Down

Andrew Jennings [- 1818] married Catherine O’Toole [abt 1747- 1840] of Tassagh, County Armagh.[1]
They had seven children.
  1. Charles [abt 1780 – 1855] who married Sophia Corley of Clones, County Monaghan, in 1811.
  2. Daniel [abt 1789 - 1817] who was ordained a priest at Maynooth in 1809.
  3. Andrew [abt 1793-1869] who married Mary Anne Clarke in Loughinisland in 1825.
  4. Peter [- 1828] of Traymount.
  5. Eliza who married John Caraher of 15 Merchant’s Quay, Newry County Down.
  6. Edward, Secretary to the Catholic Committee of Newry in 1824.
  7. John of whom nothing is known.
The family lived at no. 11 North-Street, Newry where Andrew had an Iron Establishment or iron-mongery. He took out a lease on North-Street from 1st May 1790 from James Carlile at the yearly rent of £40.[2]
Andrew dealt in other commodities besides iron as the following advertisement shows.
Timber for sale.
A large quantity of Ash, Oak, Sycamore, Alder, Beech, Walnut and Fir growing on the lands of Tremount, situate on the Northern Road four miles from Newry - application to be made to Andrew Jennings, Newry, Jan 1st, 1810 .[3]
Traymount was where his son Peter appears to have lived.
Andrew Jennings of Newry, and his brother Daniel Jennings, Publn, also of Newry, both appear in the Convert Rolls in 1793.  They weren’t the only members of the Jennings family in Dublin to sign. Teresa, wife of Theobald Jennings, had been listed on the Convert Rolls, in 1778, along with an earlier entry for Andrew Jennings, Grocer, of Newry, County Down. Family lore suggests that Andrew was disinherited by his family when he converted. His children remained Catholic. One of his sons became a priest. Three of his granddaughters were to become nuns.
Andrew’s will was probated in 1818.
His widow Catherine died in 1840. On the burial record her address is given as Mill Street. This was possibly 2 Mill Street where her nephew Charles Jennings lived.
On the 23rd ult. Catherine, relict of Andrew Jennings Esq., formerly of North-Street, Newry, merchant, aged 93 years.[4]

[1] Crossle, NAI.
[2] Encumbered Estates Rentals : Andrew Jennings Down Offaly (King's) 1790 Jan-May 1877 127 064 North-Street.
[3] Dublin Evening Post, 4 Jan 1810.
[4] Belfast Newsletter, 3rd April, 1940.

Tuesday, 21 January 2020

Jennings Family, Newry, County Down

I am returning to the Jennings family in Newry, County Down and will be blogging on individual members from now on. They were a Catholic family, and lived mainly on North Street, Mill Street and Monaghan Street. They were active both politically and as members of the Catholic Church.