North Street, Newry, County Down

North Street, Newry, County Down
North Street, Newry, County Down

Tuesday, 26 May 2020

Kate Sophia Jennings [1814 - 1900], Monaghan Street, Newry, County Down.

Kate Sophia Jennings was a twin daughter of Charles Jennings [abt 1818–1855] of Monaghan Street, Newry, and his wife Sophia Corley, daughter of Patrick Corley of Clones, County Monaghan. She and her twin sister Anna Maria were named after their grandmothers. Kate Sophia was called after her maternal grandmother Catherine O’Toole [abt 1747 – 1840].
Kate never married and moved from Newry to Dublin with her mother, Sophia, and three of her siblings after the death of her father, to live at 8 Cabra Parade, Phibsborough, Dublin. She continued to live there with her sisters Sophia, and Ellen, and her brother Andrew John, after her mother died in 1871.[1]
She was the primary beneficiary in her sister Ellen’s will in 1891.[2]
She died on the 29th of August 1900 of an intestinal obstruction at 10 Great Denmark Street, Dublin, and is buried with other members of her family in Glasnevin Cemetery, Dublin.[3]

[1] Slater’s Directory, 1888.
[3] Glasnevin Cemetery, VB, 12, SOUTH. (Record no. 291160).

Sunday, 17 May 2020

Anna Maria Jennings [1814-1892], Monaghan Street, Newry, County Down.

Anna Maria Jennings was a twin, and the second daughter of Charles Jennings [abt 1818 – 1855] of Monaghan Street, Newry, and his wife Sophia Corley, daughter of Patrick Corley of Clones, County Monaghan.  She, and her twin sister Kate Sophia, were named after their grandmothers. Anna Maria was called after her maternal grandmother Mary Ann Connolly [abt 1780-1830].
She was a sponsor at her sister Ellen’s baptism in Newry in 1834 together with her younger brother Andrew John.
Feb 19 1834 Ellen of Charles Jennings and Sophia Corley sp. Andrew John Jennings and Ann Maria Jennings £0.10.0[1]
Anna Maria joined the order of the Poor Sisters of Saint Clare in 8, High Street, Newry, in 1843. She became Sister Mary John Jennings.
Local Intelligence
RECEPTION OF A NUN. -- Last week, Miss, Jennings, daughter of Charles Jennings. Esq., received the habit of the noviciate of the order of St. Clare, in the Newry Convent.[2]
Her reception into the convent was noted in a number of newspapers:
22 February 1843 - Galway Vindicator, and Connaught Advertiser - Galway,
24 February 1843 - Banner of Ulster - Belfast, Antrim, Northern Ireland
25 February 1843 - Weekly Freeman's Journal - Dublin, Dublin,
25 February 1843 - Dublin Weekly Nation - Dublin, Dublin, Republic of Ireland
Her aunts Jane, Letitia and Mary Corley were already members of the order.
Anna Maria died in the convent in Newry in 1892. A search of the archives of the Order of St Clare in Harold’s Cross, Dublin, when this becomes possible again, will almost certainly confirm that she is buried there. Her twin sister, Kate Sophia, died a spinster on the 29th of August 1900 at 10 Denmark Street Great, Dublin.

[1] NLI Pos 5502 Baptism Register Newry.
[2] The Banner of Ulster - Friday, 3 February, 1843

Saturday, 16 May 2020

Patrick Charles Jennings [1813-1814], Monaghan Street, Newry, County Down

Patrick Charles Jennings was the eldest son of Charles Jennings [abt 1780-1855] of Monaghan Street, Newry, County Down and his wife Sophia Corley, daughter of Patrick Corley of Clones, County Monaghan. He was born in Newry on the 15th January 1813 and died in March the following year, 1814. The Jennings family followed traditional naming patterns strictly and Patrick, as the first son, was called after his maternal grandfather.

Sophia Corley Jennings [abt 1812-1897], Newry, County Down

Sophia was the eldest daughter of Charles Jennings [abt 1780-1855] of Monaghan Street, Newry, County Down and his wife Sophia Corley, daughter of Patrick Corley of Clones, County Monaghan.
After the death of Charles Jennings in Newry, her mother Sophia moved the family to Dublin where they lived at 8 Cabra Parade, Phibsborough, Dublin. Close by was Mary Anne Jennings the widow of Andrew Jennings [abt 1793-1869] of North Street, Newry, County Down. She lived at 35 Goldsmith Street. Her son Charles Clarke Jennings, Sophia’s cousin, lived in St. Paul’s Terrace.
Sophia continued to live at 8 Cabra Parade, Phibsborough, Dublin, with her sisters Kate Sophia, and Ellen, and her brother Andrew John, after her mother died in 1871.[1]
She died in 1897 and is buried in Glasnevin Cemetery, Dublin.[2]

[1] Sophia Jennings, 8 Cabra Parade, Phibsborough. Miss Jennings. [Thoms Directory, 1887].

[2] Glasnevin Cemetery, VB, 12, SOUTH. Record no. T40739.

Saturday, 9 May 2020

Daniel Corley Jennings [1818-1896], Newry, County Down. Part 3

While Daniel and Johanna were living in Clontarf, they lost two of their children, Ellie and John Bray.
Their daughter Ellen [Ellie] Sophie Mary Jennings died at 6 Castle Avenue, Clontarf, on the 4th of August 1878, aged 26.
JENNINGS, Ellie M Miss "dau of Constable"; Clontarf.[1]
Three years later John Bray Jennings, L.R.Q.C.P.I and L.R.C.S.I, died at 6 Castle Avenue, Clontarf, on the 7th of May, 1881 aged 27. He had qualified as a doctor and was living in Yorkshire. His Death Certificate states that John Bray Jennings, Bachelor, aged 26 years, Physician and Surgeon, died of phthisis (6 months certified), and his father D.C. Jennings was present at his death. He was Daniel’s fourth son and the second to die, Joseph, his youngest son,  having died as a child in Ennis, County Clare.

On his retirement from the Royal Irish Constabulary, Daniel and Johanna moved to 18 Morehampton Rd., Dublin. His pension was £400 per annum.
Morehampton Road features many redbrick houses with granite under-courses and steps with cast iron decorative railings laid out and built from 1860 onwards.[2]
Daniel died there on the 15th November 1896.
JENNINGS, November 15, at his residence, 18 Morehampton Road, Dublin, Daniel Corley Jennings, C.I., R.I.C.[3]
His daughter-in-law Henrietta, wife of Ignatius Ronayne Bray Jennings, commented in her account book.
November 1896 15th Old Mr J. died. Wreath 5/- .[4]
After Daniel’s death Johanna went to live with her daughters Kate and Mary in 23 Waterloo Place, Dublin. It was located in a small group of houses off Waterloo Lane. All three stated in the 1901 Census that their income came from dividends. Johanna died there on the 14th of March 1908. She was 89.
JENNINGS – on March 14th at 23 Waterloo Place, Dublin, Joanna Maria, relict of the late Daniel Corley Jennings Esq., County Inspector Royal Irish Constabulary, and last surviving daughter of the late Luke Bray of Ballycarrane and Galberstown, Co. Tipperary, Esq. RIP.[5]
Daniel and Johanna are buried in Glasnevin Cemetery, together with Ellie and John Bray Jennings.[6]

A report on the Tramore Races of unknown date gives us a last glimpse into Daniel’s life  in the police force:  A body of police under the command of sub-Inspector Jennings was called into active requisition to suppress numerous fights at intervals between races. One unfortunate jockey (Hogan from Tipperary) had a bludgeon broken over his head by an assailant. Several medical gentlemen were prompt in their attention to the poor fellow.[7]

[1] Cork Examiner  1878-8-7
[2] A walking tour of Donnybrook by John Holohan, Ballsbridge, Donnybrook & Sandymount Historical Society Annual Record 2007.
[3] Henrietta Jennings, The Mall, Armagh. Private Account Book.
[4] Cork Constitution, 17 November 1896.
[5] Weekly Irish Times, 21 March 1908.
[6] Glasnevin Cemetery. Dublin Section. D.C. Jennings. Kf 14, 15.
[7] Waterford News, n.d.

Saturday, 2 May 2020

Daniel Corley Jennings [1818-1896] of Newry, County Down. Part 2.

December 16th 1846

I have the honor to report for the information of the Inspector General with reference to the state of the people of the District that their wants from scarcity of food have increased and are doing so daily to rather an alarming extent. Sheep stealing and larcenies of all kinds have very much increased and many of those employed in the Public works particularly in the Colliery District give expression to their intentions by Publicly Stating that they will not much longer submit to starvation, the Price of Provisions is so very high and the wages which they are able to earn being quite insufficient to supply their wants and those of their families, who appear in the greatest distress add to which there are very few able to earn any wages whatever since the frost set in and should it continue I really do not know how they are to exist nor what unforeseen steps they may take to procure food.
The Relief Committee of this District have since the beginning of the season purchased whole meal which is sold out to the Poor at something less than first cost. Still the wages earned are insufficient to afford even a limited supply.
The foregoing statement I feel called on to make owing to my own observations as also those of the Magistrates and other respectable inhabitants of this District.

D. C. Jennings
2nd S. Insp.

Daniel was transferred to Tuam, County Galway.[1]
His children Ignatius, Daniel, John and Ellen were all born in Tuam.  The baptisms of Ignatius, Daniel and John are recorded in Tuam Cathedral. Charles, the eldest son, had been born in County Tipperary in 1848.
In 1853 his name appears in the Irish Prison Registers Galway, a man arrested ‘having in his possession several articles of clothes property of D.C Jennings Esqr. S. I. Police at Tuam.’
By 1858 he was Sub-Inspector of Constabulary in Tramore.[2] Kate, Mary, Joseph, and possibly Sophia, were born in Tramore.
In 1865 he was transferred to Wexford to replace Inspector Wray.
The Constabulary - First Class Sub-Inspector Daniel Corley Jennings, Tramore, has been promoted to Second-class County Inspector and transferred to County Wexford to occupy the post vacant by the death of the late much-esteemed Inspector, Mr Wray. Mr Jennings comes amongst us preceded by a high reputation, and from what we have heard of him we have no doubt that he will discharge his duties with ability and impartiality.[3]
It was a short appointment. In 1867 he appears in the Clare Electoral Register. The family was living in Church Street, Ennis – a house office yard and small garden in Church Street.[4]
By 1868 he was County Inspector in Ennis, County Clare.[5]
On the 31st January 1870 Daniel’s fifth son Joseph died in Ennis. He had been born in Tramore in 1859. He is buried in Drumcliff Cemetery, Ennis, County Clare.
 Erected by DC Jennings C.I. In memory of his son Joseph who died at Ennis January 31st 1870, aged 10 years. May he rest in peace, Amen. [6]

In 1871 Daniel became the executor for Pierse Ronayne [1791-1871], Beresford Street, Waterford. Pierse Ronayne was his maternal uncle and had left many bequests including one hundred pounds to the Reverend Nicholas Cantwell, Parish Priest at Tramore, as a donation towards the completion of the new Catholic Church there.

By 1873 Daniel was County Inspector in Clontarf.
Letter from D. C. Jennings Esqr, Co. Inspr., Royal Irish Constabulary, Clontarf, 1st July 1873.
The Pump at Blanchardstown is now dry and the little water that comes out of it in the morning is unfit for human use and requesting that directions may be given to have the deficit remedied as soon as possible.
To be informed that the Board are in communication with a Tradesman on the subject.[7]

Letter from D. C. Jennings Esqr, Co. Inspr., Royal Irish Constabulary, Clontarf, dated 17th August 1873.
Stating in reference to his letter of the 1st of July last relative to the defective supply of water to be had from the pump at Blanchardstown which has not yet been remedied and hoping that the Guardians will see the absolute necessity of placing the Pump in working order without further delay.
The Board has taken the necessary means as to this,[8]

Letter from Danl Murphy Pump Borer 123 Coombe dated 19 August 1873
Stating as he had a good deal of trouble and lost time about Blanchardstown and not getting it, he will thank the Guardians for the Amt of his  a/c sent namely 17/8-
Board decline payment.[9]

Letter from D. C. Jennings Esqr, Co. Inspr., Royal Irish Constabulary, Clontarf, dated 18th November 1873.
Stating that the supply of water from the Pump at Blanchardstown is still defective being unfit for use as it becomes quite red after being some time taken from the Pump owing to the old rusty pipes having been again put down.
Inform Co. Inspector that Chairman with Capt. Brinkley y and he on Monday was at Blanchardstown, and they think that on a sufficient quantity of water being pumped out the water supply will then be good.[10]

You have to wonder was it ever fixed!

[1]  RIC History and Directories Constabulary Lists. Vol 3. 1848-50. County of Galway. W. R.
[2]  Post Office Dublin Directory 1858.
[3] Wexford People 8th April 1865
[4] Ireland, Clare Electoral Registers, 1867.
[5]  Thom’s Directory, Clare, 1868.
[6] Grave 905  Memorial ID 80451449.
[7]  PLU Board of Guardians 1873
[8]  Ibid.
[9]  Ibid.
[10] Ibid.

Thursday, 16 April 2020

Daniel Corley Jennings [1818-1896], Newry, County Down. Part 1.

Daniel Corley Jennings was born in Newry, County Down, on the 7th of August, 1818. He was the son of Charles Jennings and Sophia Corley of Monaghan Street, Newry.
He appears to have been appointed by Drummond to the Irish Constabulary as a 3rd class sub-inspector on the formation of the force in 1836.[1] Daniel’s father Charles Jennings was Chairman of the Commisioners of the Newry Police in 1834.
Daniel’s career is on record:
Jennings, Daniel Corley; LDS 2097/107; born 1816, Co. Down, Ireland; 3rd Class Sub inspector 17/11/1836; C.I. 1/4/1865; pensioned 1/10/1882; died 15/11/1896.[2]
Thomas Drummond was Under-Secretary for Ireland from 1835 until his death in 1840.
The Irish Constabulary (Ireland) Act, 1836. (6 William IV c.13), was known as the Drummond Act. It consolidated and repealed all preceding Acts.[3]
An account from the Waterford Museum gives some of the background:
Drummond had some noble intentions when passing this law, he wished to eliminate the influence of local landlords (and the Orange Lodge in Northern Ireland) from police matters. He also wished to make the force acceptable to Catholics by allowing them to join it as officers and constables. This policy initially appeared to work as between 1836 and 1847 complaints against the police force were much rarer than in previous decades. Drummond also intended that the force would ensure the continuation of British rule in Ireland. The force had a strength of 10,000 at its foundation rising to 10,500 in 1856. Policemen were generally much better educated than the local population as a whole and were expected to maintain a position of importance and high standing in their community.[4]
According to Crossle Daniel was a Cadet in the R.I.C.  However the police cadet training system in the new Depot in the Phoenix Park did not appear until 1842, and the Irish Constabulary only became the Royal Irish Constabulary in 1867 when Queen Victoria honoured the Irish Constabulary with the title ‘in recognition of its loyal and faithful service and for its role in suppressing the rising of the Irish Republican Brotherhood.’

The Nenagh Vindicator had a strange story in 1844:
"Curious if True : Mr. Gray, stipendiary magistrate, has been ordered to Dublin to answer a charge made against him of having employed one of the police to go to a poor printer of the name of Morgan, in Cashel, and solicit him to print seditious ballads! Colonel M'Gregor has expressed the greatest indignation that one of the police should be employed in the disgraceful manner in question. Sub-Inspector Jennings and Head-Constable Foot have been examined on the subject; but of the result we are not aware." -  Nenagh Vindicator[5]

Daniel married Johanna Maria Bray, daughter of Luke Bray and Ellen Ronan of Ballycarrane, Thurles, County Tipperary, in 1847.  They had 9 children. Their first son, Charles, called after his grandfather, was born in Thurles. The variety of birth places of their subsequent children give some idea of the manner in which a member of the Constabulary could be relocated around the country during his career.

  1. Charles Borromeo Jennings b. 1848, in Thurles, County Tipperary.
  2. Ignatius Ronayne Bray Jennings b. 1850 in Tuam, County Galway.
  3. Ellen Sophie Mary Jennings b. abt 1852.
  4. Daniel Jennings b. 1853 in Tuam, County Galway.
  5. John Bray Jennings b. 1854 in Tuam, County Galway.
  6. Catherine (Kate) Jennings b. 1857 in Tramore, County Waterford.
  7. Mary Jennings b.1858 in Tramore, County Waterford.
  8. Joseph Jennings b.1859 in Tramore, County Waterford.
  9. Sophia Mary Jennings b. abt 1860.

[1] Crossle, NAI.
[2] Jim Herlihy, Royal Irish Constabulary Officers:  A Biographical Dictionary and Genealogical Guide, 1816-1922, Dublin, Four Courts Press, 2005, (reprint 2016), P. 177.
[3] Jim Herlihy, The Royal Irish Constabulary: a short history and genealogical guide, Dublin, Four Courts Press, 1997, P.43-4.
[5] The Coleraine Chronicle, April 20, 1844.